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Preparing and protecting yourselfIntense cold

Risks in Montréal

What to do in case of extreme cold

*These recommendations were made by Health Canada and the Institut national de santé publique du Québec.


  • Watch for intense cold warnings issued by Environment
  • Prepare an emergency kit for yourself and your family so that you can be independent for 72 hours without outside help.
  • Make sure you know about the risks associated with extreme cold.
  • Determine whether you are an at-risk person.
  • Identify vulnerable people around you who might need help during periods of extreme cold.
  • Keep emergency telephone numbers close at hand, such as (811).


  • Stay inside. This is especially important for people at risk (children, seniors and people with medical issues such as diabetes, heart problems and asthma).
  • Wear proper clothing – cover your head and extremities (nose, ears).
  • Avoid long car trips.
  • Don’t go to remote outdoor areas by yourself.
  • Make sure your heaters and smoke detectors are working properly.
  • Make sure your emergency kit is close at hand.
  • Do not use camping heaters, or gas or coal stoves, which give off carbon monoxide.
  • Be prepared for power outages, which may last for a short period or for several days.


  • Dress warmly.
  • Wear warm clothes, with an outer layer to protect against the wind.
  • Wear a hat, mittens or gloves, a scarf and insulated, waterproof boots. Keep dry.
  • Stay active.