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4 phases of risk management

4 phases de gestion des risquesThe 4 phases of risk management


The four following phases must be taken into consideration when responding to any type of disaster in a city.



  • Learning about the risks in our territory and their impact on the public, property and the environment. 
  • Try to reduce the probability of the occurrence of a hazard or limit impact in at-risk zones.
  • Educate and inform the public about potential risks in their area and how to prepare themselves.
  • Consider risks in land-use planning policies.


  • Before a disaster, implement drills, training activities and simulations to improve organizations’ preparedness to deal with a disaster and their response capacity.
  • Have effective, up-to-date emergency plans


  • Response is the phase that occurs during a disaster. It involves all measures implemented to ensure the safety of the public as well as the protection of property and the environment.
  • Adapting to rapidly evolving situations and responding as events unfold. Every minute counts.


  • Following a disaster, all actions taken to ensure things quickly return to normal and maintain essential services to the community.
  • Rebuilding infrastructures
  • Restoring family ties.
  • Implementing measures to ensure resumption of economic activities.
  • Restoring pre-disaster social and economic living conditions.

These phases overlap and help to ensure the best possible management of emergency measures, while improving preparedness within our territory.