On June 26, 2019, the By-law Concerning the Service de sécurité incendie de Montréal (RCG 12-003) (in French) was amended. Here is a reminder of the amendments concerning smoke alarms:
- All residential buildings that were built before 1985 and do not have an electric smoke detector must now have a smoke alarm powered by a non-removable lithium battery with a lifespan of 10 years.
- All dwellings must now have at least one smoke alarm on each floor, including the basement. If the floor has bedrooms, the smoke alarm must be installed in the middle of the hallway.
- The article of the by-law about maintaining smoke alarms in proper working order in certain specific occupancy situations (buildings that house people who need assistance to evacuate) has been amended. All bedrooms must now be equipped with a smoke alarm connected to an electrical circuit, and they must all be interconnected so that they go off at the same time.
- For buildings that were built after June 2015, an electrical-type alarm must also be installed in each room where people are sleeping as well as in the hallways.
Who is responsible for installing and maintaining smoke alarms?
Under the By-law Concerning the Service de sécurité incendie de Montréal (RCG 12-003), it is compulsory to install a smoke alarm and keep it in good working order. This is an essential part of you and your family’s safety.
All owners are responsible for providing smoke alarms and installing them in all locations required under the by-law.
Owners and tenants share responsibility for ensuring the smoke alarm is in good working order by checking it and maintaining it regularly.
Where to get a smoke alarm powered by a non-removable lithium battery with a lifespan of 10 years
You can buy a smoke alarm powered by a non-removable lithium battery with a lifespan of 10 years in most big box stores and hardware stores.
If the smoke alarm is compliant, the Underwriters Laboratories of Canada ULC logo will appear on it, indicating that the alarm meets Canadian safety standards.
Click here to read FAQs.
By-law 12-003 (in French) is a result of the Montréal agglomeration’s fire safety risk cover plan, which was adopted in 2008. It sets out the SIM’s responsibilities and gives it the power to carry out its responsibilities optimally. In particular, it lists the minimum essential standards for maintaining protection and backup systems in the event of a fire, along with smoke alarm requirements.
By amending this by-law, the SIM is responding to the reality of fire risks in the agglomeration according to the most recent standards and the recommendations of many experts.