The risks of fire associated with cooking are present in day care centres. The more meals prepared for children, the greater the risk. Generally, when used in locations other than a dwelling or single-family house, cooking appliances must be protected by an extraction hood and fire protection system.
Available fire protection
A certified extraction hood and fire protection system will protect the appliance, the inside of the extraction hood and the duct that conducts grease vapours outside. In day care centres with a capacity greater than nine people, cooking appliances must be equipped with these devices.
Conditions for mitigation
The Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ) allows for some flexibility concerning cooking appliance protection in day care centres with a capacity greater than nine people.
Here is a summary from the RBQ Web site:
"In most day care centres, the stove is used to cook for more than nine children, and the ventilation system is not certified NFPA-96.
The Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ) will accept non-certified NFPA-96 ventilation under the following conditions:
- The residential-type stove is electric.
- The residential-type hood has an exhaust duct that leads directly outside.
- The exhaust duct is made from non-combustible material.
- Foods fried in oil are not served and there is very little grease vapour released from foods cooked on the stove.
- An extinguisher for cooking fires has been installed in the kitchen, near the stove.
- If there are two stoves in the kitchen, they must be at least 300 mm apart and separated by a counter covered in non-combustible material.
This applies to all Québec day care centres and early childhood centres affiliated with the Ministère de la Famille that have a capacity of 10 et 100 enfants, no matter the number of storeys the building has or its size. If these requirements are met, there is no need to request an exception from authorities - the facility is considered compliant. However, this decision should not be interpreted as project approval and does not exempt the establishment from other authorizations or requirements that may apply."