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Land use designation

Based on the Plan’s goals and objectives, Map 3.1.1 shows the desired designation for areas to be built or transformed and confirms the designation of established areas. Excerpts of this map, for each borough, are presented in Part II of the Master Plan.

Land use designations reflect the general nature of the environments and, as such, are a departure from an overly normative designation approach that would excessively divide the City’s territory. These inclusive designations favour mixed use and encompass a variety of activities that may take place within a single designation, in accordance with complementarity or compatibility rules that will be defined in the boroughs’ urban planning by-laws.

Based more on rationale than on detailed restrictions, this approach allows for the adapted management of urban development and simplifies administrative procedures. Thus, the Master Plan’s amending procedure will apply only in cases with significant implications for the future of the City. Similarly, this more inclusive approach will obviate the need for numerous concordance by-laws, except where the Plan lays out a new vision of urban development.

Chart 3.1.1 presents and defines the nine different land use designations. The first four are inclusive in nature and correspond to distinct urban environments. The remaining five are essentially exclusive in nature and apply to areas that are reserved for specific activities.

Consistency of development at borough limits

The Ville de Montréal would like to see Québec legislation adapted in order to ensure that an amendment to an urban planning by-law affecting an area abutting a neighbouring borough is governed by a special procedure. This recommendation would allow for all potentially concerned citizens to be consulted, even if the zoning amendment affects a localized area on the other side of their borough’s boundary.

From the standpoint of development coherence, this adapted process would also take into account the urban planning and architectural impacts that may be generated outside of a borough’s boundaries, for instance in the case of buildings that are far taller than the surrounding structures or in that of a residential neighbourhood bordering an industrial area.

The complementary document defines appropriate regulation to ensure that the urban planning by-laws of different boroughs are compatible and that the impact of projects on their surroundings is adequately considered.

Such a measure supports a management approach that favours balance, complementarity and cooperation among boroughs.