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The Kyoto Protocol

Signed in 1997, the Kyoto Protocol aims to stabilize atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations at a level that will not dangerously disturb the Earth’s climate. In Canada, this represents an average reduction of 6%.

The transportation sector accounts for 38% of emissions and is responsible for most of the GHG increase in Québec. One-quarter of Québec’s total GHG emissions come from Montréal. This shows the major role that the City can play in implementing the Kyoto Protocol, both as a municipality and as part of the Metropolitan Community.

By proposing a sustainable development model that seeks, in part, to reduce dependency on cars and to protect natural spaces, the Master Plan is one of the City’s contributions to the goals of the Kyoto Protocol.

Planning Approach

The preparation of the Master Plan constitutes a unique opportunity to reflect collectively on the future of the City. Montréal is a metropolis with many enviable assets. Its distinctive geography, the quality and liveability of its living environments, the diversity of its inhabitants, its cultural and economic vitality and its transportation networks are all valuable advantages in building the future City. However, a greater consistency in urban planning choices is required in order to make Montréal even more liveable and dynamic.

The Ville de Montréal endorses the principles of sustainable development, especially with regards to urban development and intends to take a balanced approach based on economic vitality, social equity, environmental preservation and respect for the needs of future generations. Urban planning and development decisions will be made in a way that encourages citizen involvement and respects the results of public consultations.

This approach is based on a growing awareness of the important role played by urban planning and development in the viability of communities. Montréal must provide a pleasant environment and diverse urban experiences to its citizens and visitors. Furthermore, the Master Plan incorporates the principles of universal accessibility, which will help to ensure that all Montrealers have access to all of the City’s public facilities and spaces, as well as buildings both public and private. Furthermore, the quality of the urban environment has impacts on public health. Therefore, the Master Plan supports an ensemble of measures linked to the quality of dwellings, public facilities, nature areas and the environment, in order to improve the quality of life of Montrealers.

In the coming years, demographic growth in the metropolitan area will be moderate but significant, given a projected increase of 150,000 households between 2004 and 2014. Since the anticipated development is limited, special care will be required in order to avoid urban sprawl and to consolidate the existing urban fabric, especially by reinforcing links between the various areas of urban activity. In accordance with the principles of sustainable development, this will improve the cost-effectiveness of urban infrastructure and reduce the City’s related maintenance and rehabilitation costs. The Master Plan seeks first and foremost to significantly improve the quality of architecture and urban landscapes and to orient the culture of the City toward better urban design.

Commuter train Photo of the city Photo of the city
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